Surrogacy is the practise whereby a woman can become pregnant with a child who may or may not be genetically related to her. She would typically carry the child and give birth. Once the child is born, it is given to the family requesting the surrogacy.
Surrogacy is renowned for several challenges. Although highly controversial, it is becoming a more popular option and a readily available means of family formation for those encountering problems with conceiving naturally. Research indicates that the amount of people turning towards surrogacy is increasing. So who would typically go for the option of surrogacy? Such may include same sex couples who would be longing for a family, heterosexual couples that cannot conceive naturally and also single women who would want to become parents.
Whilst it may have its advantages, it is undoubtedly a complex, controversial and constantly developing area of family law. It is also becoming more socially acceptable. There are also several complications which may arise due to the legislation which is not always clear. There have been cases where surrogate mothers would change their minds and decide that they want to keep the baby. In such scenarios, who has the right to keep the baby? Would it be the people who requested the surrogacy services or the mother who carried the developing baby? Let us not forget that pregnancy takes around nine months and it is possible that the woman carrying the child may develop a connection or emotional bond with the baby, especially if she gave birth. This may undoubtedly lead to several psychological implications where the surrogate mother may be susceptible to depression, due to feelings of grief and loss.
There were also cases where parents decided not to take the baby. What happens in such cases? Who would shoulder the responsibility?
Apart from the negative implications, there are also positive sides for those providing the surrogacy service. One of which would be the satisfaction of helping others continue to build their own family.
One other matter to discuss is whether surrogacy should be regulated by any particular body. If such agreements and processes are not regulated, what’s to stop it from becoming simply a tool in the hands of the wealthy? This would make it inaccessible for middle class couples to afford surrogacy services.
What are your views on surrogacy? Should it be promoted as an ideal solution for those who cannot conceive for one reason or another? Let us know your views in the comments section below.